The term Oriental cat describes a set of physical characteristics belonging
to a number of cats from Southeast Asia.
The Cat Fanciers' Association and the GCCF actually do recognize the Oriental as
a specific breed.
Video - Oriental Cats
Oriental cats have small, lean, athletic bodies, large triangular ears,
almond-shaped eyes, and usually a very curious, inquisitive and intelligent
temperament. They also have a loud voice and vocalize a lot more than most other
cats. All Orientals were short-haired originally, with a very light-weight
and generally light-colored coat befitting the hot climate of their origin, but
they have been cross-bred with Persians and other long-haired to create medium
and long-haired oriental breeds such as the Birman and Himalayan.
The most well-known 'oriental' cat is the Siamese.